Social Security outside the EU, the EEA and Swithzerland

Concerning social security outside the EU, the EEA, and Switzerland, two situations may occur. The Czech Republic and the country in question may have concluded an international social security agreement (such international agreements can be concluded with a Member State of the EU or the EEA, or Switzerland). The other possibility is that the Czech Republic and the country in question do not have an international agreement, and such country is then referred to as a non-contracting country.

International social security agreements are a traditional and commonly used means of coordination in the area of social security. Their primary purpose is to secure the rights of persons migrating between two contracting countries.

The full wording of international social security agreements and implementing regulations (administrative provisions) can be found on the website of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs.

Example

I am a production manager of theatre performances with a trade licence in the Czech Republic. What should I do if I am going to work as a self-employed person to Israel?

Social security schemes outside the EU, the EEA, and Switzerland

If you terminate your self-employment activity in the Czech Republic, you will cease to be subject to the Czech legislation and you are obliged to report this fact to the relevant District Social Security Administration (OSSZ), which will then deregister you from the social security scheme in the Czech Republic. Afterwards, you should register to the social security scheme in the country in which you resume your self-employment activities, in this case Israel. Since a bilateral social security agreement exists between Israel and the Czech Republic, you will follow this agreement. You also have the option to get registered for voluntary participation in the state pension scheme in the Czech Republic.

If a self-employed artist or another worker in culture who is a self-employed person is leaving for work in a country which has an international bilateral agreement with the Czech Republic, he/she will follow the procedure set out in the agreement and will thus be governed by the rules of the country in which he/she will work. If you terminate your self-employment activities in the Czech Republic, you have to notify the District Social Security Administration (OSSZ) of this fact. The purpose is to secure that migrating persons are insured in a single country. Social security contributions are paid, and social security benefits are provided according to the legislation of the respective Member State.

The main purpose of the international bilateral agreements is to determine how the periods of participation in the social security schemes will be calculated in individual countries. If an international agreement on social security has not been signed with a particular country, the time for which the relevant person has taken part in the social security scheme will not be taken into account. To be eligible for pension in the Czech Republic, it is, therefore, necessary to follow exclusively the national legislation of the Czech Republic, which does not include periods of participation in the social security scheme of a country without a bilateral agreement with the Czech Republic in the calculation of the eligibility for the pension.

If an international bilateral agreement between the Czech Republic and the country in which the self-employed person pursues his/her activities has not been made, the important thing is whether the self-employed person pursues these activities on the basis of a license granted under the Czech legislation. Since there can be several options to follow in such cases, it is better to discuss the specific situation with the respective OSSZ or the foreign insurance carrier.