Irrespective of the fact where the copyrighted work or performance was created, the Czech Copyright Act protects all nationals of the Czech Republic. Nationals of other EU or EEA member states enjoy the same degree of protection regardless of their actual place of residence or other factors as such persons are deemed equal to Czech nationals.
Nationals of countries other than EU or EEA member states enjoy copyright protection only when their work was published in the Czech Republic for the first time, or when the work was published on the territory of a party to the Berne Convention, Universal Copyright Convention, the WIPO Copyright Treaty (WCT) or the Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS), i.e. essentially on the territory of most countries in the world, or if the authors or performer’s place of residence is in the Czech Republic.
The final extent of protection will be affected by the quality of the respective agreement, if any, as entered into by the author or performer.
The general principle of territoriality applies in copyright, which means that the Czech copyright law will only apply when the work is used or performance takes places in the territory of the Czech Republic.