Schengen (short-term) visas – visas for stays of up to 90 days in the territory of the Czech Republic / in the Schengen Area:
- Type A visa – a visa for transit through an airport
- Type C visa – a short-term visa for the purposes of tourism, medical treatment, a business trip, participation in a cultural or sports event, a visit (invitation), an official (political) visit, studies, training, traineeship, scientific research, employment, and other reasons. It is designed only for stays that are not longer than 90 days within a 180-day period. It is a uniform visa that enables short-term stays in the whole of the Schengen Area. It is also issued for short-term employment.
The application may be submitted no sooner than three months before the planned trip. The maximum time limit for the processing of the application is fifteen calendar days. An application filed less than fifteen days before a trip may not be processed in time.
Long-term visas – visas for stays of more than 90 days in the territory of the Czech Republic, which also entitle the holders to short-term stays and stays in other countries of the Schengen Area (the 90/180 Rule):
- Type D visa – a long-term visa for the purposes of medical treatment, participation in a cultural or sports event, a visit (invitation), an official (political) visit, a family visit, studies, training, scientific research, business stay, and other reasons. The type D visa is usually issued for three months, but it may be issued for up to twelve months. The granting of the type of visa is generally subject to approval by the competent authorities.
- Type D visa – a long-term visa for the purpose of collecting a long-term term residence permit for employment purposes (the Employee Card and the Blue Card), family unification, studies, scientific research and the stay of a resident of another EU Member State.
- Type D visa – a long-term visa for the purpose of collecting a permanent residence permit.
A Schengen calculator is available here.
Type A and C visas are issued by Czech consulates abroad, as the granting of short-term visas falls within the competence of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic. The applicant is usually required to submit the application in person.
An application for a long-term visa (for a stay of more than 90 days) should also be submitted at the embassy of the country of which the applicant is a citizen or in the country that has issued a travel document or a long-term or permanent residence permit to the applicant, unless the applicant is a citizen of one of the countries to which an exception applies (Decree No. 429/2010 Sb., setting exceptions from the duty of foreigners to apply for a visa or a residence permit at the consulate having territorial competence).
The consulate is only competent to accept the application, but the application is then processed by the Ministry of the Interior of the Czech Republic. In the process, the consulate communicates with the applicant and invites him or her for an interview or to collect the visa. There exists exceptions enabling to submit an application at any consulate or even in the Czech Republic. In addition, the Czech Republic has concluded agreements on representation under which visa applications can be submitted at consulates of other countries.
The Employee Card is a type of a long-term residence permit which has replaced visas for stays exceeding 90 days for the purpose of employment, long-term residence permits for the purpose of employment, and the Green Card. It entitles its holder both to stay and to be employed in the Czech Republic. Most often it is issued for the duration of the employment relationship, but not for more than two years, with an option to extend its validity. The Employee Card can be issued in relation to a job vacancy that is included in the central register of vacancies that can be filled by employee card holders (integrated portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs of the Czech Republic).
The Blue Card is issued for a long-term stay for the purpose of employment, but unlike the Employee Card, high professional qualification is required for its issuance. High qualification means that the employee has completed duly either university education or higher vocational education, the duration of which was at least three years. In addition, the agreed gross monthly or annual wage must equal at least 1.5 times the average annual wage.